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Amendment I

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.

First Amendment questions can arise when government bodies, including the judicial branch, take action to restrain or repress speech or activities that could be construed as protected speech. There are also situations when questions pertaining to petitioning rights come into play in defamation cases. The freedom of the press contained in the First Amendment is the backdrop for a variety of issues that arise in Communication and Media Law.

Originally, the First Amendment only applied to laws passed by the federal congress. That changed in 1925 when the United States Supreme Court ruled in Gitlow v. New York, 268 U.S. 652 (1925) that it applied to laws and regulations issued by government at any level, including State and local. Thus in modern times we are used to enjoying First Amendment rights with regard to all of government’s actions. However, the scope and application of the First Amendment deserves detailed analysis that could be decisive.  The tort of defamation and certain privacy rights are affected by First Amendment and certain laws associated with it.  In those instances, it may be necessary to seek legal help and the Law Offices of George E. Bourguignon, Jr. could do just that.